when the output of the project is related to a product, there are many possible relationships. for instance, a number of separate projects may be related to the development of a new automobile. a project phase is an element of a project life cycle. there is no single way to define the ideal structure for a project.
ultimately, governance provides a comprehensive, uniform method of controlling the project and ensuring its success. a project phase is generally concluded and formally closed with a review of the deliverable to determine completeness and acceptance. overlapping phases may increase risk and can result in rework if a subsequent phase progresses before accurate information is available from the previous phase. for multi-phase projects, more than one phase-to-phase relationship could occur during different parts of a project.
project phases constitute of a bunch of logically related project management activities, and in accordance with and to facilitate the required the outcome. although the definition states the project to be ‘temporary in nature’, it can span from days, to weeks, to months, to years, to decades, to even centuries and more. as you can see, initiating processes start upfront in a project, and closing process are conducted in the end of a phase or project. monitoring and controlling processes encompass the whole cycle in order to keep everything on track. usually projects have several phases, and they can be overlapping or sequential, depending on the nature of the project.
your first ‘phase’ of work would be to get the blueprint done, identifying vendors for the building materials, choosing a builder, selecting colors for walls, deciding on the type of flooring and so on. however, as soon as you have figured out the blueprint and builder you can move on to the next phase of laying foundation of your house, and need not wait until every detail of the house is finalized. in the above example, you would not start painting the walls until plastering work is all complete. in such cases, you sequence the phases. click here to know how you can save tons of time in preparing for pmp or capm exam, learn with fun, and pass the exam at first attempt…
1. sequential relationship 2. overlapping relationship 3. iterative relationship. overlapping phases are similar to sequential phases except that a phase might not be completed when the following phase starts. for example, you might start an overlapping relationship, where the phase starts prior to completion of the previous one (see figure 2-5). this can sometimes be applied as, phases of project management, phases of project management, 5 phases of project management pdf, project phases, phase to phase relationships in project management.
in an overlapping relationship, as the name suggests, the next phase starts before the completion of the previous one. overlapping phases sometimes need additional resources because work has to be done in parallel. a project may have couple of sequential phases, and then few overlapping – driven by variables such as technology, external dependencies, availability of an effective and well known technique for earlier completion of construction projects is to overlap the project activities or phases that normally would be phase-to-phase relationships sequential relationship: in a sequential relationship, a new phase starts only when the preceding phase is complete. overlapping, what are the 5 phases of a project?, phases of project life cycle.
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